The Road to War - May 1939

Great Britain is secretly warned by a high ranking Hitler’s opponent (Carl Friedrich Goerdeler) that Germany and the Soviet Union are negotiating the division of East Europe together with a non aggression pact. Knowing that USSR is playing both ways will damage the efforts of a deterrence based on a double front against Hitler’s Germany.

3 – The Soviet Foreign Minister Maxim Litvinov is replaced by Vyacheslav Molotov. This will give Stalin more control over Russian foreign policy and allow a different approach to Germany. From now on no reserves will be put to a close relation with Hitler. This move was determinant to the agreements reached 3 months latter that led to the Polish division between Stalin and Hitler since Molotov had a more close position to Germany.

9 – Spain leaves League of Nations

11 - Japan (together with puppet state Manchukuo) and Soviet Union (together with Mongolia) wage war in the Battle of Khalkhin Gol. The reasons are mainly border disputes.

17 – Jewish immigration to Palestine is severely limited by British authorities.
The Nordic states (Sweden, Norway and Finland) refuse Germany’s offer of a Non-Aggression pact.

22 – Germany and Italy come even more closer, signing the Pact of Steel. This economic and military cooperation pact underlined a further closeness and friendship between both countries that became obliged to help each other in case of aggression or war.


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